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Endona Corporation’s Guide to Selecting the Right Fertiliser for Malaysian Crops

Fertilisers play a crucial role in Malaysian agriculture, supporting the country’s food production and ensuring a stable supply of crops. Malaysia boasts a diverse range of soils and climates, creating unique challenges for agriculture. This diversity influences nutrient availability in the soil, making the use of fertilisers even more vital.

The soil in Malaysia varies from sandy and infertile in coastal regions to fertile volcanic soils in highland areas. The country experiences both tropical and equatorial climates, resulting in varying rainfall patterns and temperatures across regions. Such diversity directly impacts the nutrients present in the soil, affecting crop growth and productivity.

Macro and micronutrients are essential elements for plant growth. Their availability in the soil is critical for crop development. Macronutrients, including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, are required in relatively large quantities and play key roles in plant growth, photosynthesis and fruit formation. Micronutrients, such as iron, zinc and manganese, are essential in smaller quantities but are equally crucial for various plant processes, including enzyme activation and nutrient uptake.


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Understanding Malaysian Soil and Climate

Before delving into fertiliser selection, it’s vital to understand the diverse soil types and climates that characterise Malaysia’s agricultural landscape. The country’s soils range from sandy and infertile to rich alluvial soils and climatic conditions vary from tropical rainforests in the east to equatorial and monsoon climates in the west. The relationship between soil and climate influences nutrient levels in the soil, affecting the types and amounts of fertilisers needed. These variations significantly impact nutrient availability and the choice of appropriate fertilisers.


Macro and Micronutrients

Fertilisers provide essential nutrients required for plant growth and development. These nutrients are broadly categorised as macro and micronutrients. The primary macronutrients include nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K), while essential micronutrients comprise zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), boron (B), and molybdenum (Mo). Different crops have varying nutrient requirements, and understanding these needs is critical to achieving optimal yields.

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Soil Testing and Nutrient Analysis

Before selecting a fertiliser, conducting soil tests and nutrient analysis is essential. Soil testing helps identify existing nutrient deficiencies, pH levels and other soil characteristics that influence fertiliser requirements. Farmers can obtain assistance from agricultural extension services or private laboratories for accurate soil analysis. Armed with this information, farmers can tailor fertiliser applications to meet their crop’s specific needs.


Types of Fertilisers

There are two main types of fertilisers available for Malaysian farmers: organic and inorganic (synthetic) fertilisers.

  1. Organic Fertilisers:

Organic fertilisers are derived from natural sources, such as compost, animal manure, green manure and crop residues. They improve soil structure, water retention and microbial activity, enhancing long term soil fertility. While organic fertilisers release nutrients slowly, they offer sustainable and eco-friendly options for farmers concerned about soil health and environmental impacts.

  1. Inorganic Fertilisers:

Inorganic fertilisers are manufactured using synthetic processes and are readily available in the market. They provide nutrients in concentrated forms, allowing for rapid nutrient uptake by plants. Inorganic fertilisers are commonly categorised as nitrogen based, phosphorus based and potassium based fertilisers, often referred to as NPK fertilisers. These fertilisers are known for their quick release properties, making them suitable for addressing immediate nutrient deficiencies.


Crop Specific Fertiliser Requirements


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Each crop has unique nutrient requirements at different growth stages. For instance, leafy vegetables, like spinach and lettuce, have high nitrogen demands during their early growth stages. While fruiting crops, such as tomatoes and peppers, require more potassium during flowering and fruit development. Understanding these variations is crucial to applying the right fertilisers at the right times, avoiding wastage and optimising nutrient utilisation.



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Balancing the use of organic and inorganic fertilisers is another key aspect of sustainable agriculture. Organic fertilisers enrich the soil with essential nutrients over time, improving soil structure and promoting beneficial microbial activity. Inorganic fertilisers, on the other hand, provide a quick and targeted nutrient boost during critical growth stages. 

By integrating both types, farmers can optimise nutrient availability and minimise environmental impact. Embracing sustainable practices, such as crop rotation, cover cropping, and reduced tillage, complements the use of fertilisers. These techniques promote soil health, prevent erosion, and enhance nutrient retention, contributing to the long term viability of Malaysian farmlands. 

As agriculture continues to evolve, embracing innovative fertilisation techniques becomes paramount. Exploring precision agriculture, where technology is utilised to apply fertilisers with greater precision, can optimise nutrient use efficiency and reduce wastage.

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  • We have expanded the output of Bio fertilizers in 2021 as compared to 2020. These fertilizers are often made from living organisms such algae, fungi and bacteria to improve soil fertility.

    Foliar fertilizers supplement the nutrients by applying to the leaves of plants directly that helps in upgrades crop quality by corrects nutrient, vitamin deficiencies and advances overall plant health. 

    Organic fertilizers are forged from natural materials, the usage growth is minimal when the supply is calibrated between 2010 and 2011. They are also known as a good conductor to elevate soil structure. 

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